FACTS AND FIGURES

Pakistan displays some of Asia's most magnificent landscapes as it stretches from Arabian Sea, its southern border, to some of the world's most spectacular mountain ranges in the north. Pakistan is also home sites that date back to the world's earliest settlements rivaling those of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia.

BASIC FACTS

Official name:

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Capital:

Islamabad

Area:

796,095 sq km

307,374 sq mi

Population: 147,663,430 (2002 estimate)

Population growth:

2.06 percent (2002 estimate)

Projected population in 2025

213,338,252 (2000 estimate)

Projected population in 2050

267,813,495 (2000 estimate)

Population density:

185 persons per sq km (2002 estimate)

480 persons per sq mi (2002 estimate)

Urban/rural distribution:

Share urban

37 percent (2000 estimate)

Share rural

63 percent (2000 estimate)

Largest cities, with population:

Karachi

9,269,265 (1998)

Lahore

5,063,499 (1998)

Faisalabad

1,977,246 (1998)

Rawalpindi

1,406,214 (1998)

Hyderabad

1,151,274 (1998)

Linguistic and Ethnic groups:

Punjabi

48 percent

Pashtun

13 percent

Sindhi

12 percent

Saraiki

10 percent

Urdu

8 percent

Other

9 percent

Languages:

Urdu (official), English (commonly used), Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, Saraiki

Religious affiliations:

Sunni Muslim

77 percent

Shia Muslim

20 percent

Christian, Hindu, and other

3 percent



HEALTH AND EDUCATION

Life expectancy:

Total

61.8 years (2002 estimate)

Female

62.7 years (2002 estimate)

Male

61 years (2002 estimate)

Infant mortality rate:

79 deaths per 1,000 live births (2002 estimate)

Population per physician:


2,703 people (1999)

Population per hospital bed:

1,535 people (1993)

Literacy rate:

Total

65 percent (2001 estimate)

Female

51.5 percent (2001 estimate)

Male

77.7 percent (2001 estimate)

Education expenditure as a share of gross national product (GNP):

2.6 percent (1998)

Number of years of compulsory schooling:

Not available

Number of students per teacher, primary school:

32 students per teacher (1998)



GOVERNMENT

Form of government:

Republic

Head of state:

President

Head of government:

Prime minister

Legislature:

Bicameral legislature

National Assembly: 217 members

Senate: 87 members

Voting qualifications:

Universal at age 21

Constitution:

10 April 1973; suspended 5 July 1977; restored with amendments 30 December 1985; suspended after military coup in October 1999.

Highest court:

Supreme Court



Armed forces:

Army, Navy, Air Force

Total number of military personnel

620,000 (2001)

Military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP)

5.8 percent (2000)

First-level political divisions:

Four provinces, two federally administered areas, and the Federal Capital Territory of Islamabad



ECONOMY

Gross domestic product (GDP, in U.S.$):

$62 billion (2000)

GDP per capita (U.S.$):

$450 (2000)

GDP by economic sector

Agriculture, forestry, fishing

26.3 percent (2000)

Industry

22.8 percent (2000)

Services

50.9 percent (2000)

Employment

Number of workers

51,724,768 (2000)

Workforce share of economic sector

Agriculture, forestry, fishing

47 percent (1999)

Industry

17 percent (1999)

Services

36 percent (1999)

Unemployment rate

5.9 percent (2000)

National budget (U.S.$):

Total revenue

$9,454 million (1999)

Total expenditure

$12,768 million (1999)

Monetary unit:

1 Pakistani rupee (PKR), consisting of 100 paisa

Agriculture:

Sugarcane, wheat, rice, cotton lint, corn, livestock

Mining:

Petroleum, limestone, rock salt, gypsum, silica sand, natural gas, coal

Manufacturing:

Textiles, food products, petroleum products, consumer goods, fertilizers, chemicals, cement

Major exports:

Cotton clothing, thread, and textiles; raw cotton and rice; petroleum, leather, and fish products

Major imports:

Machinery, electrical goods, petroleum products, transportation equipment, metals and metal products, fertilizer, foodstuffs





Major trade partners for exports

United States, Hong Kong S.A.R., Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, United Arab Emirates

Major trade partners for imports:

United States, Japan , Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, China



ENERGY, COMMUNICATIONS, AND TRANSPORTATION

Electricity production:

Electricity from thermal sources

63.38 percent (1999 estimate)

Electricity from hydroelectric sources


36.51 percent (1999 estimate)

Electricity from nuclear sources


0.11 percent (1999 estimate)

Electricity from geothermal, solar, and wind sources

0 percent (1999 estimate)

Number of radios per 1,000 people:

94 (1997)

Number of telephones per 1,000 people

22 (2000)

Number of televisions per 1,000 people


22 (1997 estimate)

Number of Internet hosts per 10,000 people:

0.40 (2000)

Daily newspaper circulation per 1,000 people:

21 (1995 estimate)



Number of motor vehicles per 1,000 people:

8.5 (1999)

Paved road as a share of total roads:

43 percent (1999)



SOURCES

Basic Facts and People sections:

Area data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Population, population growth rate, and population projections are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International Data Base (IDB) (www.census.gov). Urban and rural population data are from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN), FAOSTAT database (www.fao.org). Largest cities population data and political divisions data are from the statistical bureaus of individual countries. Ethnic divisions and religion data are largely from the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)World Factbook and from various country censuses and reports. Language data are largely from the Ethnologue, Languages of the World, Summer Institute of Linguistics International (www.sil.org).

Health and Education section:

Life expectancy and infant mortality data are from the United States Census Bureau, International Programs Center, International database (IDB) (www.census.gov). Population per physician and population per hospital bed data are from the World Health Organization (WHO) (www.who.int). Education data are from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org).

Government section:

Government, independence, legislature, constitution, highest court, and voting qualifications data are largely from various government Web sites, the latest Europa World Yearbook, and the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Factbook. The armed forces data is from Military Balance.

Economy section:

Gross domestic product (GDP), GDP per capita, GDP by economic sectors, employment, and national budget data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org). Monetary unit, agriculture, mining, manufacturing, exports, imports, and major trade partner information is from the latest Europa World Yearbook and various International Monetary Fund (IMF) publications.

Energy, Communication, and Transportation section:

Electricity information is from the Energy Information Administration (EIA) database (www.eia.doe.gov). Radio, telephone, television, and newspaper information is from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) database (www.unesco.org). Internet hosts, motor vehicles, and road data are from the World Bank database (www.worldbank.org).

Copyright 2012 Pakistan High Commission Nairobi. All Rights Reserved.
                                           
                                Powered by Lazy Web Designs